Atomic accelerator carbon dating
Anthropogenic isotopes are man-made or result from human activities, such as testing weapons and processing nuclear fuels.These isotopes are useful in the fields of oceanography and hydrology since they can be used to study flow, currents and sedimentation rates.Radioactive isotopes have an unstable combination of protons and neutrons, so they have unstable nuclei.
This is because the atomic mass of carbon is based on the average atomic masses of its isotopes and the abundance of each isotope.
These isotopes do not pose dangerous effects to living things, like radioactive isotopes.
They are typically useful when performing experiments in the environment and in the field of geochemistry.
Radioactive isotopes can be useful in different industries, such as food, agriculture, archaeology and medicine.
For instance, in the food industry, the food we eat undergoes a process called food irradiation, where it is exposed to gamma rays. In medicine, radioactive isotopes emit gamma rays to help detect tumors.
Cosmogenic isotopes are formed when the atmosphere reacts with the rays emitted from stars or when geological materials on the Earth's surface are irradiated by cosmic rays directly.